Introduction to SSD Training Concepts
"Where some try to make skill exercises easier during training (de-salao balls, etc) - SSD is all about making training more difficult so that real match conditions become easier"
Eddy Whyte 1995
There are a total of 120 SSD Training Concepts - the following is a short example:
When a young player becomes relatively competent at a basic skill don't retain the same exercise routine, up the level immediately by making that specific task a lot more difficult - opposites increase the training standard to make real match conditions easier!
There are a total of 50 SSD Opposites - samples:
If you can do skills with a small ball
- it's much easier with a standard size ball
If you can control a fast ball - it's a lot easier to control a slow ball
Practising with a heavier ball enhances your power and distance with a standard size ball
If you can hit a small target - it is a lot easier to hit a larger target
If you practice on your weak side it also improves your strong side - and enhances your reactionary skills
Grids - if you practise team skills in a small enclosed area - you will find it a lot easier on a standard size pitch
If you can't use your eyes - you rely on your hearing
If you can't hear anything - you have to rely on your eyes
THINK - - "How can you change an exercise to make it more difficult"
SSD Does Not Recommend De-Salao Footballs for Children's Development!
De salao balls are basically heavy footballs with limited bounce, therefore making the task of ball juggling and control a lot easier. However, when you later move onto a standard size ball (one that readily bounces) then you find it a lot more difficult. It's a bit like practising shooting into a 50 feet wide goal and then having to play a match using standard size goals.
De-Salao - makes the training task easier but real match conditions more difficult.
SSD Opposites - makes the training task more difficult so that real match conditions become easier.
SSD train with special mini balls to enhance eye-foot co-ordination skill, give experience of awkward bounce and speed, plus improve overall control skills.
SSD Ball Size Variation
Differing ball sizes and weight can be used for selected exercises to improve vision (mini), ball control (mini), co-ordination (mini), striking technique (larger) heading (lightweight) and power (heavy).
SSD Repetition - Age Levels
The only way to master a skill effectively is to practise it 'over
and over' again, but unlike the continental system where they adopt
this method of training from a very young age, in the UK (remember
- cultural adaptation) our kids learn differently:
Age 5 - 7: minimal repetition - fun and variety plus lots of free play games
Age 8 - 11: repetition drills for the basic key individual skills only
Age 12 plus: full dedicated repetition to iron out any weak areas, but see 'Growth Spurt' concerns
SSD Positional Interchange
The ability to play an effective role in 'any' area of the field
- hence the importance of teaching the key basic individual skills
at an early age (two-footed, etc).
During both training and match situations young players should be continually rotated so as to give them the experience of each team position - if they played left full back last week, then they will play right wing next week, etc.
Winning as a team is not important (this is the problem with our local league system being used as the main development base) because you should be developing the 'individual' player.
To be totally effective in different positions you need to develop 'balance' - during training sessions make young players use their weak foot for all exercises - allocate self-practise at home using the weak foot only - test all the individual skills using the weak side of the body only
Other Specialist SSD Training Techniques include . . .
Judgement / Vision / Co-ordination
Co-ordination (Eye - Foot)
Accuracy and Distance
Power and Accuracy
The Aeroplane Technique (Ball Contact and Control)
The Mask (vision)
Power Side Foot
Volley Football (Close Control Skills & Eye-Foot Co-ordination)
Height/Distance/Accuracy (Crossing and Lofted Passes)
Vision / Technique / Accuracy (Shooting)
Control / Speed/Balance (Dribbling)
Pace and Judgement (Crossing)
Development Levelling & Ability Differentials
BASE (balance, agility, speed, endurance)
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